Southern University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

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Spring 2009 Volume IV Issue I

1.

Abstract

This study attempts to predict swiftness of supply chains by developing a model that relates collaborative relationships, procurement practices, information technology flexibility and supply chain swiftness. Using data generated from Uganda’s Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), the study finds that information sharing, decision synchronization, dimensions of collaborative relationships and IT adaptability significantly predict 41% of the variance in supply chain swiftness. Supply chain partners need to concentrate on improving collaborative relationships and IT adaptability in order to achieve superior performance. They should further realign their competitive focus to concentrate on delivery speed by eliminating barriers that impede the business process performance of supply chain members. Its benefits are likely to constitute improved customer response time, reliability, reducing incidence of misunderstandings and contractual problems and disputes. The creation and execution of a strategic purchasing function may also help in increasing supply chain swiftness. Special effort should be expended on promoting information sharing and decision synchronization within SMEs supply chain.

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2. Perceived Workplace discrimination, Instrumental Ethical climate, psychological wellness and task performance.  Joseph Mpeera Ntayi, Rufus Beijuka, Freddie Mawanga and Alex Muliira

Abstract

Purpose-

Design/methodology/approach - Using a cross-sectional research design and simple random sampling approach, a sample of 438 employees was drawn from a cross section of manufacturing companies in Uganda (Uganda Manufacturers’ Association, 2008), out of which a 48% response rate was achieved.

Findings

– The paper reveals that tribe/race, gender, religion and health were the most prevalent form of workplace discrimination in Uganda’s manufacturing firms. Workplace discrimination types are related to employee psychological wellness/illness and instrumental ethical climate that characterize Uganda’s manufacturing sector thereby affecting employee performance.

Practical implications

–This paper emphasizes the need to review and create awareness of the workplace discrimination law. Labour organizations, government and private sector initiative groups need to be actively involved in the welfare of employees in private organizations.

Originality/value

– This paper calls for a holistic approach to managing employees in private organizations to maximize their contributions.

Article Type

- Researched paper

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The article purposes to unearth the prevalence of workplace discrimination in manufacturing companies and demonstrate its devastating effects on employee psychological wellness and performance in a job context. It also demonstrates the need for chief executives of private companies to reduce workplace discrimination, instrumental ethical climate in order to achieve maximum contribution of the employees.